“Our national culture, which has a strong foundation, today is famous in the world for its history, ancient, multifaceted and peculiar traditions and peculiarities, in particular, rare written monuments, original works of fine art, musical works of Shashmakom and Falak and hundreds of other achievements and phenomena of literature and art. “

Leader of the nation, President of the Republic of Tajikistan, Emomali Rahmon.

ПАМЯТЬ: Дамир Дустмухаммадов — композитор и учитель

MEMORY: Damir Dustmukhammadov – composer and teacher

Dustmukhammadov Damir Vohidovich (1941 -2003) – composer, Honored Art Worker of the Republic of Tatarstan (1988), laureate of the State Prize named after I. Rudaki (2000). The attraction to music manifested itself early in the desire to play and improvise on the folk musical instrument Ruboba. One of the first results of his stubborn desire to learn music was that already in grade 4 he was noticed and offered to go to Kyrgyzstan ‚to a meeting of pioneers as a ruboba performer.

The period of his early childhood creativity is characterized by a conscious desire to create music. An important place in this work is the composition of songs that did not remain unclaimed. They are performed by the school choir, and amateur performances, and the young composer is directly involved in this. Famous Tajik composers M. Tsvetaev and Y. Ter-Osipov played an important role in the choice of the profession of a musician and composer. It was on their recommendation that in 1959, after graduating from a secondary school with a gold medal, D. Dustmukhammadov entered the theoretical and composer department of the Dushanbe Musical College. D. Dustmukhammadov began his studies at the school in the class of Y. Sabzanov, from the second year – at Y. Ter-Osipov. Soon D. Dustmukhammadov wrote his first song for the “Gulshan” ensemble, “Kabutari safedi man” on the next A. Shukukhi, which was performed by Laylo Sharipova, and the other – “Mavgigul” on the next. M. Bakhti was performed by Akhmad Bobokulov. These songs are still loved by listeners. The song “Hayoli Shirin” on the lyrics has also become widely known. M. Bakhti, which was sung by Shoista Mullodzhonova. But the song was still not the main genre for D. Dustmukhammadov in terms of mastering the compositional technique. He also worked on other forms and works, dreamed of entering the Moscow Conservatory after college, and therefore worked diligently under the guidance of Yu. Ter-Osipov on his graduation work – the symphonic poem “Tajikistan”. The song “Hayoli Shirin” on the next song has also become widely known. M. Bakhti, which was sung by Shoista Mullodzhonova. But the song was still not the main genre for D. Dustmukhammadov in terms of mastering the compositional technique. He also worked on other forms and works, dreamed of entering the Moscow Conservatory after college, and therefore worked diligently under the guidance of Yu. Ter-Osipov on his graduation work – the symphonic poem “Tajikistan”. The song “Hayoli Shirin” on the lyrics has also become widely known. M. Bakhti, which was sung by Shoista Mullodzhonova. But the song was still not the main genre for D. Dustmukhammadov in terms of mastering the compositional technique. He also worked on other forms and works, dreamed of entering the Moscow Conservatory after college, and therefore worked diligently under the guidance of Yu. Ter-Osipov on his graduation work – the symphonic poem “Tajikistan”.

This work was performed by the Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra. The diploma with honors, received at the end of the school, opened the doors of the Moscow State Conservatory named after D. P. Tchaikovsky, where he studied (1965-1970) at the composer department in the class of the teacher Vl. G. Fere is a great connoisseur of Tajik musical culture. An essential aspect of studying and living in Moscow was immersion in the very spiritual atmosphere of this beautiful center of culture and art, full of a variety of concerts, theater performances, festivals, conferences, meetings with outstanding musicians and artists, directors, artists, writers. It was a school of comprehension of high art. Among the works that were created during his studies in Moscow, one can name the String Quartet, Polyphonic Trio ‚Concerto for Cello and Symphony Orchestra. The diploma works were the Second Symphony, performed by the symphony orchestra of the conservatory under the direction of Vl. Fedoseeva and the opera La’natkardai Khalq, performed in the clavier by the pianist Larisa Astrakhantseva. After graduation from the Conservatory, an active and very fruitful stage in the creative life of D. Dustmukhammadov begins.

He begins to work at the faculty of arts of the Tajik Pedagogical Institute, editor of the editorial board of the Ministry of Culture of the Republic (1971-1973), director of the Dushanbe musical school (1973-1976, 1985-1986), director of the opera house (1976-1980), artistic director of the State Philharmonic Society (1980 -1985), head of the Arts Department of the Ministry of Culture (1986), chairman of the Union of Composers of Tajikistan (1986-1998). He was a laureate of the Second All-Union Competition for Young Composers of the USSR (1969), Laureate of the Lenin Komsomol of Tajikistan (1970), a member of the Union of Composers (1970). In various institutions of culture and art of Tajikistan, where D. Dustmukhammadov worked, a significant contribution was made to the development of the national musical culture. For example, For the first time, on his initiative, the ballet troupe of the opera house participated in the International Festival of Ballet Stars in Finland in 1976. This was the first trip of the theater’s creative troupe abroad. After the trip to Finland, the ballet group went on tour to Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, India, Pakistan (1976). This was a great creative achievement of the theater. During the work of D. Dustmukhammadov as the director of the Dushanbe Musical College, famous composers T. Sattorov and K. Hikmatov subsequently studied composition in his class. The brightest page of his creative, organizational and social activities is associated with his work as the chairman of the IC of Tajikistan. In the late 80s – early. 90s had to work hard to revitalize the Union in all areas. This is, first of all, creativity, holding international, all-union and republican events. These are symposia ‚plenums‚ various festivals ‚competitions. For the first time, the All-Union Music Week for Children and Youth was held, where creative groups from Moscow, Latvia, Estonia, Georgia, Armenia participated. We also note the plenum of the USSR Investigative Committee on chamber music, which took place in Dushanbe. With the direct support of D. Dustmukhammadov, the All-Union Commission for Interaction with Musical Cultures of the Foreign East was created under the USSR Investigative Committee.

D. Dustmukhammadov took an active part in the preparation and holding of such major forums as the International Symposium and Music Festival of the Peoples of the East dedicated to the 1400th anniversary of Borbad and the International Conference “Methodological Problems of Soviet Musical Oriental Studies”. Much work was done through the propaganda bureau of the IC of Tajikistan. Many meetings were organized – in factories, factories, general education and music schools. He led the UK during the most difficult years of the civil conflict in the country. But even in such a difficult period, D.V. Dustmukhammadov did not disregard a single member of the Union. He regularly delivered humanitarian aid and took care of the unity of the Composers’ Union. Speaking about the work of D. Dustmukhammadov, one cannot but name the works that have become landmark in his work. These are the operas “La’annatkardai khalq” on the libretto by M. Farhata (1973), Qishlohi Tilloi (1981) to the libretto by M. Mirshakar and N. Islamov, Sarbozoni Khalq to the libretto by S. Ulugzoda (1984), the first children’s opera Khonai Zargushbibi, which was shown on Tajik and Russian languages. The first children’s cantata on lyrics is also related to the direction of music for children. N. Bakozoda “Maktabi Aziz”, which won first place in the competition of children’s works. D. Dostmukhammadov also created the second children’s opera “Biyo, Barfi Bobo” (1999) to a libretto by N. Bakozoda. Among the works for musical theater, an important place is occupied by the operetta “Dugonako” (1993), the vocal-symphonic poem “Mother Earth” (1974) on the lyrics. F. Ansori, “Gularusak”, Suite a’capella (1987), “Wedding Suite” in 3 parts for soloist and chorus a’capella (folk words), “Surudi Anchumani Tochikon” (1996), hymn for choir and symphony orchestra on the next Gulnazar. Among the symphonic works of D. Dustmukhammadov, the Second Symphony for string orchestra and timpani (1968), the symphonic poem “Badakhshan” (1988), the festive overture “Dusty” (1976) occupy an important place. His first experience in Tajik music was his Concerto for Gijak and Chamber Orchestra (1988). Gijak is a specific tool. Here was their search for a combination of the technical capabilities of this wonderful Tajik folk instrument and a chamber orchestra. In the same direction, the Concert for Rubob and Symphony Orchestra (1989) was also created for the first time, which was performed at the IX Congress of the SC of Tajikistan. In this direction, I had to look a lot, make full use of the technical and melodic capabilities of the instrument. The culminating section of the concert is original, when the orchestra’s strings leave their instruments and start clapping and shouting “Hey, bale!” All this has a very interesting effect. This concert was constantly performed by students of the Tajik State Institute of Arts. M. Tursunzoda in the class of Professor J. Obidpur. Among the instrumental works where D. Dustmukhammadov realized his creative searches, one should also mention the concert piece “Charkh” for chamber orchestra ‚percussion instruments and piano (2001).

The name of this wonderful person and talented composer, who has done so much for Tajik music, will forever remain in the memory of our people. Major works Works for musical theater: 1971 – “Modar nigaron bud”. Musical drama (F. Ansori). 1973 – “La’anatkardai khalu”. Opera. Libre. M. Farhata based on the story of the same name by T. Usman. 1978 – Khonai Zargush-bibi. Children’s opera. Libre. N. Bakozoda. 1979 – “Surudi Bakhtiyor”. Musical drama (N. Islamov). 1980 – “Surudi notamom”. Musical drama. 1981 – “Kishloki Tilloi”. Opera. Libre. M. Mirshakar, N. Islamova. 1982 – “Vohury”. Opera. Libre. M. Farhata, T. Valamatzoda, M. Behbudi. 1984 – “Sarbozoni khalu”. Opera. Libretto by S. Ulugzoda. 1985 – “Guli siyo”. Musical drama. 1993 – “Dugonago”. Operetta. Libretto by A. Sidki. 1999 – “Biyo, Barfi Bobo!” Opera for children. Libretto by N. Bakosoda. Vocal-symphonic and choral works: 1967 – “Modar”. Vocal symphony. poem. Sl. E. Mirzo, A. Shukukhi, G. Sulaimanova. 1968 – “Abadzinda”. Vocal and symphonic poem. Sl. M. Farhata. 1974 – Modar-Zamin. Vocal and symphonic poem. Sl. F. Ansori. 1981 – “Go Navruz”. Suite in 4 movements for a’capella choir. Sl. A. Bobodzhon. 1982 – Bakht. Cantata. Sl. Gulnazar. 1987 – “Gularusak” – Wedding suite in 3 parts for soloist and chorus a’capella, lyrics. bunk bed 1987 – “Lenin Khamesha zinda ast”. Cantata. Sl. M. Tursunzoda, M. Mirshakar. 1987 – “Bakht va sharaf”. Cantata. Sl. A. Sidki. 1987 – “Durud az Zarafshon”. Chorus. Sl. S. Sulton. 1989 – “Maktabi maҳbub”. Cantata. Sl. N. Bakozoda. 1986 – “Khaftrang”. Festive. suite for soloist, choir and plank beds. instr. Sl. Loica Sherali. 1999 – “Charoki Somon”, choral production. Sl. Loica Sherali. 1999 – Barodari, choir. manuf. Sl. Loica Sherali. 1994 – Nishoni Oli Somon, for choir. Sl. Gulnazar. 1994 – Farzandi in Millat Manam, for choir, lyrics. Loica. 1994 – “Chu Firdavsi Bistead”, for choir. Sl. Loica. 1996 – “Surudi Anҷumani Togikoni Kaҳon” (hymn). For choir and symphony. orchestra. Sl. Gulnazar 2001 – “Hashni istiҚlol”. Sl. Gulnazar. 2000 – Akhtaron. Suite. Sl. S. Ayubi. Symphonic compositions: 1965 – “Manzaragoi Togikiston”. Suite. 1967 – Symphony No. 1 “Bedorshavii SharҚ”. 1968 – Symphony No. 2. For strings. orchestra and timpani in 3 parts. 1974 – “Dusti”. Choreography suite for symphony. orchestra. 1975 – “Hoharon”. Choreographic suite for symphony orchestra. 1976 – “Dusti”. Festive Overture. 1987 – “Overture” dedicated to the 100th anniversary of A. Lakhuti. 1988 – Badakhshon. Choreographic poem for symphony. orchestra. Chamber instrumental works: 1966 – String quartet in four movements. 1967 – Concerto for violin and symphony. orchestra. 1967 – Concerto for cello and symphony. orchestra. 1969 – Polyphonic trio in two parts. 1970 – Three polyphonic miniatures for voice and piano on lyrics. W. Khayyam. 1988 – Concert for gijak and chamber orchestra. 1989 – Concert for Ruboba and Symphony Orchestra. 1990 – “Meeting with Music”. A cycle of children’s pieces for gijak and piano. 1990 – Poem for trumpet and piano. 1989 – Quartet for Folk Instruments. 2001 – “Charkh” Concert piece for chamber orchestra ‚percussion instruments and piano. Ballads for voice and symphony orchestra: “Sukuti Korzor”. Sl. M. Bakhti. “Posi hotir”. Sl. M. Bakhti. “Wasfi korgar”. Sl. M. Farhata. “Charoѓi October”. Sl. B. Farrukh. “Kasami sarboz”. Sl. A. Bobodzhon. Songs: “Mavgigul”, lyrics. M. Bakhti. “Hayoli Shirin”, lyrics M. Bakhti. “Kabўtari safedi mann”, to lyrics by A. Shukuhi. “Nigoҳ nakun”, to lyrics. A. Shukukhi. “Gulnoz”, lyrics S. Sulton. “Kishvari Nur”, lyrics S. Sulton. “Tyona”, lyrics S. Sulton. “Dushanbe”, lyrics M. Bakhti. “Dushanbe”, lyrics, E. Goibzoda. “I’m waiting, comrade, come!”, To lyrics. V. Supina. “Working Relay”, lyrics. V. Puchkov. “Always Forward”, lyrics. M. Fofanova. “Ba yodi didor”, lyrics B. Rakhimzoda. “Оangi tor”, to lyrics Gulrukhsor. “Komsomol”, lyrics Gulrukhsor. “Havonia”, lyrics H. Yusufi. “Bileti Komsomol”, lyrics. M. Khakimova. “Guli nishot”, to lyrics B. Farrukh. “Dukhtaroni shahri mo”, lyrics M. Farhata. “Khogharoni bakhtiyor”, lyrics F. Ansori. “Bўi baҳor”, lyrics K. Nasrullo. Songs for children: 1988 – “Laklack”. A cycle of children’s songs on the next A. Bobodjona: 1. Soch (Starling), 2. Finished (Swallow), 3. Bedona (Quail), 4. Laklak (Stork), 5. Dari cabins (Partridge), 6. Dumparast (Flycatcher), 7. Chakovak (Lark). “Hobi Khush, Khurdtarakon”, to lyrics. G. Safieva. “Alifbo”, lyrics N. Bakozoda. “Zarrinkalid”, lyrics N. Bakozoda. “Dukhturi kitob”, to lyrics. N. Bakozoda. “Zodai Kakramon”, to lyrics. N. Bakozoda. “Mashal”, lyrics N. Bohiri. “Zaboni modari”, to lyrics. N. Bohiri. “Sumanak”, lyrics A. Bobodzhon.

Prepared by H. Nizomov